Habitual, repeated, rapid contraction of certain muscles, resulting in stereotyped individualized actions that can be voluntarily suppressed for only brief periods. They often involve the face, vocal cords, neck, and less often the extremities. Examples include repetitive throat clearing, vocalizations, sniffing, pursing the lips, and excessive blinking. Tics tend to be aggravated by emotional stress. When frequent they may interfere with speech and INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS. Conditions which feature frequent and prominent tics as a primary manifestation of disease are referred to as TIC DISORDERS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp109-10)
Disease Interacts with Genes
Disease Interacts with Substances
Processes Associated With Trait
Molecular Function Associated With Trait
Biological Processes Associated With Trait
Pathways Associated With Trait
Selected genes are highlighted in orange, bookmarked
genes are green
- Chemical increases gene,
- Chemical decreases gene,
- Chemical increases and decreases gene simultaneosly,
No arrows - gene doesn't interact with the chemical.
- Gene should be increased/decreased most of the time and the chemical does it.
- Gene should be increased/decreased most of the time but the chemical does the opposite.