Top Gene Interactions
- Metabolism: Significant first-pass metabolism in the liver. Approximately 50% of S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is metabolized in the liver. SAMe is metabolized to S-adenosylhomocysteine, which is then metabolized to homocysteine. Homocysteine can either be metabolized to cystathionine and then cysteine or to methionine. The cofactor in the metabolism of homocysteine to cysteine is vitamin B6. Cofactors for the metabolism of homocysteine to methionine are folic acid, vitamin B12 and betaine.
- Uses/Sources: S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is used as a drug in Europe for the treatment of depression, liver disorders, fibromyalgia, and osteoarthritis. It has also been introduced into the United States market as a dietary supplement for the support of bone and joint health, as well as mood and emotional well being.
- Route of Exposure: S-Adenosylmethionine is absorbed from the small intestine following oral intake. As absorption is affected by food, it is best to take on an empty stomach. Bioavailability is low following oral intake.
Mechanism of Action
|Target Name||Mechanism of Action||References|
S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase proenzyme
Protein arginine N-methyltransferase 1
S-adenosylmethionine synthase isoform type-2
S-adenosylmethionine synthase isoform type-1